13 Graphical Exploration of Data
Origin includes a number of tools for graphically exploring your data, including tools for magnifying and zooming, reading XY coordinate values, and drawing and deleting data points.
With Origin 2016, OriginLab began releasing add-on tools called Apps. Many exploratory and analysis-related tools have been added to OriginLab's File Exchange since that time. If you find you need some exploratory or analysis tool that is not a standard part of Origin, you might check to see if the tool exists as an App. If it does not, request it!.
Zooming, Panning and Rescaling
This section discusses the use of toolbar tools, and keyboard and menu commands that change the view of your 2D graph. We have split these tools and commands into two groups:
- Page-level zoom and pan operations that do not change axis scales.
- Axis rescale operations which zoom and pan the graph by changing axis From and To values.
Page-level Zoom and Pan
| Zoom-Panning: Zoom and pan the graph page.
+/- keys (zoom)
arrow keys (pan)
|| Click the toolbar button; or with the Pointer tool active, place the cursor on the graph page and press "A", then ...
- Use +/- keys or mouse wheel to zoom in or out.
- Use the arrow keys to pan horizontally or vertically.
| Stepped Zoom-Pan†: Zoom graph in or out, by increment.
|CTRL + I
CTRL + M
|View:Zoom In and View:Zoom Out
- Stepped zoom.
- CTRL+I activates zoom in; click on the graph to establish the focal point.
- CTRL+M zooms out; clicking on graph not needed.
| Whole Page: Show the whole graph page.
||CTRL + W
|View: Whole Page
- Reset the view of the page after using the Zoom-Panning tools, above.
| Zoom All: All objects in the window are shown.
||View: Zoom All
- Can be used to locate "lost" objects lying outside the graph page.
†Notes:These are older tools and methods that have been deprecated. Toolbar buttons are not shown by default. To add them to the workspace, use the Customize Toolbars dialog box (View: Toolbars > Graph button group).
Origin 9.1 SR0 introduced the @nrm system variable to modify rescale behavior when using the Rescale tool or associated shortcut keys:
@nrm = 0: From/To values on the Scale tab of the Axis dialog box will change when Rescale is set to Manual. This is established behavior.
@nrm = 1: From/To values will not change when Rescale is set to Manual. This is new behavior.
Modify the current behavior by opening the Script Window (Window: Script Window), typing @nrm = <value>, then pressing ENTER.
- Since Origin 2017, we have renamed Manual rescaling to Fixed rescaling. And several advanced selections, one-side fixed rescaling, have been available under this Rescale drop-down list.
- When using the older Scale In tool you are prompted to override Manual rescaling. However, when @nrm=1 you cannot override the Axis dialog box Rescale setting.
Rotation of 3D openGL Graphs
You can interactively rotate your 3D graphs for purposes of data exploration. When you click on an empty portion of a 3D graph, a floating toolbar displays. You can use the floating buttons to rotate the graph; or you can use your keyboard and mouse.
|Rotate 3D graphs with the 3D floating buttons
|X + Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around the X axis.
||With graph layer active and with Rotate button selected in the 3D floating button group.|
|Y + Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around the Y axis.
|Z + Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around the Z axis.
|Q + Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph in screen.
|W + Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around any axes.
|Rotate 3D graphs using R key
|R + Mouse
||Drag to rotate the 3D graph in an arbitrary direction.
||Press "R" before pressing other keys.|
Hovering on a 3D graph while pressing "R" changes the Pointer tool to a . Press Ctrl and/or Shift as needed, and rotate by (a) dragging with your mouse or (b) pressing the arrow keys on your keyboard.
|R + Ctrl + Mouse/Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around the X axis.
|R + Shift + Mouse/Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around the Y axis.
|R + Ctrl + Shift + Mouse/Arrow key
||Rotate the 3D graph around the Z axis.
Reading Coordinate Values and Distances
Tools toolbar (View: Toolbars). There is a related tool -- Vertical Cursor -- available from the Gadgets menu.
Origin provides several tools to aid in labeling and graphical exploration of your data plots. Most of these tools are available from the
Data Point Tooltip
Origin 2019 adds a floating, customizable tooltip that reads data point values when you hover on a data point.
Tooltip Shortcut Menu
For tooltip customiztion and other options, right-click directly on the data point tooltip.
- Go to Sheet pops up the worksheet and highlights the row that contains the source data for the data point.
- Show Data Plot Tooltip toggles display of a non-customizable data plot tooltip in place of the customizable data point tooltip (see, below).
- Pick Data Points puts the cursor into data reading mode and opens a Pick Points dialog. Double-click on points in the graph and when finished, click Done. This generates summary data (source, X-Y coordinates, etc.) for your picked points.
- Copy, copies data point tooltip information to the Clipboard.
- Preferences opens the Data Point Tooltip dialog allowing you to customize tooltip content and formatting (alternately, you can double-click on the tooltip to open this dialog).
The Data Point Tooltip dialog is virtually identical to the Data Info window's preferences dialog (Data Info Report Settings). See The Data Info Window for help with customizing your Data Point Tooltip.
By default, the Data Point Tooltip displays with a moderate degree of transparency. You can affect tooltip transparency by changing the value of LabTalk System Variable @TDT. For information on changing the value of a LabTalk System Variable, see this FAQ.
Data Plot Tooltip
There is a second tooltip that can be displayed in place of the Data Point Tooltip and this we refer to as the Data Plot Tootip. This non-customizable tooltip displays the source book, worksheet and coordinate datasets, on hover.
Right-click on the Data Point Tooltip and you can choose to Show Data Plot Tooltip. Conversely, right-click on the Data Plot Tooltip and you can choose to Show Data Point Tooltip.
Managing Tooltip Display
You can turn off display of data tooltips by activating the graph window, clicking on the View menu and clearing the check mark beside Data Tooltip.
There is a second way to control tooltip display that is more complicated but allows a greater degree of control. This entails changing the value of LabTalk system variables @PT and @PTI.
@PT=0; //Disable both data plot and data point tooltips
@PT=1; //Enable data plot tooltips for 2D graph (default)
@PT=2; //Enable data plot tooltips for 3D OpenGL graph
@PT=3; //Enable data plot tooltips for both 2D graph and 3D OpenGL graph
@PTI=0; //Disable only data point tooltips
@PTI=1; //Enable data point tooltips (default)
The Annotation Tool
Use the Annotation tool to label a data point. The tool works with Symbol/Line+Symbol and Column/Bar plots. Choose from several standard data point labels or create your own custom label using LabTalk script.
To annotate a data point:
- Click the Annotation button on the Tools toolbar and move the cursor to the desired data point. The cursor and the Status Bar will display the current label form.
- Use the TAB to toggle between the following standard annotation forms: (X coordinate value, Y coordinate value); (X coordinate value, Y coordinate value)[index number]; X coordinate value; Y coordinate value; index number (row number); or Custom (see Tutorial, next).
- When you've selected your label form, double-click to add a label to the data point.
Tutorial: Customizing the Annotation String
The annotation string can be customized by combining literal characters with the X and Y coordinate values:
- Start with a graph of your data
- Open the Script Window (Window:Script Window) and type the following command, then press Enter:
system.annotation.customlabel$="X value: $(x,.2), Y value: $(y,*5)
- Click the Annotation button , hover on your graph, then press the Tab key several times to cycle through the annotation choices until the custom string format specified above is displayed in the Status Bar. The cursor will display the word "Custom".
- Start double-clicking on data points to add the custom annotation string. The X values will be displayed with two decimal places and the Y values will be displayed with 5 significant digits, as specified by your script.
|Note: Please view more information on string formatting in the Programming help file:
Help: Programming: LabTalk > Language Reference > Object Reference > Alphabetical Listing of Objects > String
- To move a label to another data point, click the Pointer tool , press the ALT key and drag the label.
- To copy a label to another data point, press CTRL + SHIFT and drag to a new data point.
In both cases, the label is automatically updated to display info on the new data point.
Use the Pointer and drag to re-position overlapping labels. A leader line is automatically added.
The Screen Reader Tool
The Screen Reader uses the Data Display window to report the XY(Z) coordinates of the cursor on the graph page. Note that the Data Reader is not reading data point coordinates; rather it is reading page coordinates in relation to the graph axes.
The Data Display window opens automatically when you select the Screen Reader tool from the Tools toolbar (by default, the Data Display window is docked at the bottom of your Origin workspace).
You can alter basic properties of the Data Display window by right-clicking on the window title bar or by right-clicking inside the window.
To use the Screen Reader:
- Click the Screen Reader button on the Tools toolbar. This opens the Data Display tool.
- Click on a location in the graph page to read its X,Y, and Z coordinates (ternary and contour only). Coordinate values show in the Data Display window.
- To increase cross-hair size, press the space bar.
- Click the Pointer button on the Tools toolbar to exit screen reading mode.
The Data Reader Tool
The Data Reader is used to read information associated with a data point in your plot. This could be coordinate values or it could be more complex information including metadata or even images that relate to the data point. The Data Reader works in concert with the customizable Data Info window.
To use the Data Reader tool:
- Click the Data Reader button on the Tools toolbar. This opens the Data Info window.
- Click on a data point to read its X,Y (and Z, if they exist) coordinates. Coordinate values display in the Data Info window (and Data Display window).
- To move the cross-hair to the next data point along the data plot, use the LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys or click on the data point using your mouse. If you have multiple plots in a layer, use the UP and DOWN arrow keys to move to a data point on another plot or use your mouse to click on the point.
- To change the vertical and horizontal cross-hair size, click on a point and press the spacebar.
- Click the Pointer button on the Tools toolbar or Esc key to exit the Data Reader tool.
The Data Cursor Tool
Data Cursor tool -- grouped on the Tools toolbar with the Data Reader tool -- allows you to place one or more cursors on a data plot and (using the Data Info window) read the cursor coordinates or measure the X and Y distance between two cursors, or the distance between a cursor and a point selected with the Data Reader.
The Data Highlighter Tool
The Data Highlighter is grouped on the Tools toolbar with the Data Reader and Data Cursor tools. Use the Data Highlighter to pick one or more points in the your graph and simultaneously highlight the corresponding data row in the worksheet. Unselected points are dimmed in the graph and the worksheet.
While in Data Highlighter mode ...
- CTRL+click to select multiple points in the graph.
- Drag out a rectangle on the graph to select multiple points.
- While in highlight mode, use SPACE to toggle between rectangle and freehand selection modes.
- Use left/right arrow keys to highlight individual points in sequence by row index.
- In the worksheet (still in Highlight mode), CTRL+click multiple rows or SHIFT+select blocks of rows, and highlight corresponding points in the graph.
- Press ESC to exit Highlight mode in the graph while keeping highlighted rows selected in the worksheet.
To highlight a single plot in the graph window and simultaneously dim all other plots:
- Click directly on the plot (once if ungrouped, twice if grouped) in the graph window.
- Alternately, click once on the plot in Object Manager.
The Data Info Window
Data Info window opens when you choose either the Data Reader , the Annotation or the Data Cursor tools . When you click on a plotted data point with one of these tools, the Data Info window displays information about this particular data point.
In its default configuration, the Data Info window reports only a column short name, plot designation (e.g. "X") and the XY coordinate values of a data point. However, the window is capable of displaying any of the worksheet-contained information that is associated with a data point including metadata and images.
To customize the Data Info window:
- Double-click on the Data Info window; or right-click and choose Preferences....
- Use the controls in the Data Info Report Settings dialog box to customize the display of the Data Info window:
- The Data Info window can report any information in the source data worksheet. You are not limited to displaying plotted data.
- The window can display anything that can be inserted into the worksheet cell, including inserted graphs and images.
- The window can be customized with a Window Title and Report Title.
- Window configurations can be saved as Themes, including Save to <Graph>, Save to <Layer> and Save to <DataPlot>. This allows, for instance, all graph windows in your project or all graph layers in your multi-panel graph to have a unique Data Info window. Saved Themes can loaded and applied to the current Data Info window.
If you save your Data Info Theme settings in the graph, then save the graph window as a standalone graph window file (OGG, OGGU), know that the OGG/OGGU file travels only with the data that are plotted in the graph. Therefore, if your Data Info Theme uses data in other columns in your worksheet, the Data Info display will be incomplete if, for instance, you reopen the window file in a new project.
For more information on customizing the Data Info window, see:
Gadgets for data exploration and analysis. These gadgets are accessible from the Gadgets menu when a graph window is active. Three gadgets in particular are suitable for data exploration:
Origin provides several
The Vertical Cursor gadget is especially useful for reading XY coordinate values for data points in stacked panel plots or multi-plot graphs, where plots share a common X scale.
To open the Vertical Cursor:
- With a graph window active, choose Gadgets: Vertical Cursor... from the main menu. This opens the Vertical Cursor dialog box.
Using the controls in this Gadget's dialog box, you can add data labels to the graph, increase or decrease label font size, hide labels, etc.
The Statistics gadget returns basic statistics on data points falling inside a rectangular region-of-interest (ROI) on the graph.
- Display basic statistics for data inside the ROI.
- Display mean and nth Standard Deviation lines inside the ROI.
- Update results dynamically as ROI is moved or resized.
The Cluster gadget (available in OriginPro) provides the following features:
- Display basic statistics for data inside a region of interest (ROI).
- Switch between rectangular or elliptical ROI.
- View statistics for points inside and outside of the ROI.
- Edit, copy, mask, delete or group data points.
- Update results dynamically as ROI is moved/re-sized.
- Output results to a worksheet.
Beginning with Origin 2018, when you use the Cluster gadget to define a category (points within a ROI on a plot), you can apply a differentiating color to points within the ROI.
|Note: To learn more about these gadgets, see:
Help: Origin: Origin Help > Gadgets
Topics for Further Reading