# 2.6.4 Converting Numbers to Strings

The following examples demonstrate conversion of numeric variables to string, including notation to format the number of digits and decimal places.

## Converting Numeric to String

### Using Substitution Notation

To convert a variable of a numeric type (double, int, or const) to a variable of string type, consider the following simple example:

// myNum contains the integer value 456
int myNum = 456;
// myNumString now contains the characters 456 as a string
string myNumString$=$(myNum);

The syntax $(num) is one of type of substitution notation supported in LabTalk. Another, %(string$), is used to convert in the opposite direction, from string to numeric, substituting a string variable with its content.

Formatting can also be specified during the type conversion:

$(number [,format]) // braces indicate that the format is optional Format follows the C-programming format-specifier conventions, which can be found in any C-language reference, for example: string myNumString2$ = $("3.14159",%3d); myNumString2$=                            // "3"

string myNumString2$=$("3.14159",%3.2f);
myNumString2$= // "3.14" string myNumString2$ = $("3141.59",%6.4e); myNumString2$=                            // "3.1416e+003"

For further information on this type of formatting, please see $() Substitution. ### Using the Format Function Another way to convert a numeric variable to a string variable uses the format function: // call format, specifying 3 significant figures string yy$=Format(2.01232, "*3")$; // "2.01" yy$=;

For full documentation of the format function see Format (Function)

## Significant Digits, Decimal Places, and Numeric Format

LabTalk has native format specifiers that, used as part of LabTalk's Substitution Notation provide a simple means to format a number.

### Use the * notation to set significant digits

x = 1.23456;
type "x = $(x, *2)"; In this example, x is followed by *2, which sets x to display two significant digits. So the output result is: x = 1.2 Additionally, putting a * before ")" will cause the zeros just before the power of ten to be truncated. For instance, y = 1.10001; type "y =$(y, *4*)";

In this example, the output result is:

y = 1.1

The result has only 2 siginificant digits, because y is followed by *4* instead of *4.

### Use the . notation to set decimal places

x = 1.23456;
type "x = $(x, .2)"; In this example, x is followed by .2, which sets x to display two decimal places. So the output result is: x = 1.23 ### Use E notation to change the variable to engineering format The E notation follows the variable it modifies, like the * notation. For example, x = 1e6; type "x =$(x, E%4.2f)";

where % indicates the start of the substitution notation, 4 specifies the total number of digits, .2 specifies 2 decimal places, and f is an indicator for floating notation. So the output is:

x = 1.00M

### Use the $(x, S*n) notation to convert from engineering to scientific notation In this syntax, n specifies the total number of digits. x = 1.23456; type "x =$(x,S*3)";

And Origin returns:

x = 1.23E0