# 8.4.2.4 Axes Dialog for Polar Graph

Origin's polar graphs can display both "angular" axes and "radial" axes. There are two angular axes, an inner and an outer. They can be hidden or shown and can be be customized much as a conventional Cartesian axis is customized. Radial axes can be shown inside of or external to the plot. Radial axes are also fully customizable. Axis customizations are made from the polar graph's Axis dialog box. The top image below shows an Axis dialog, displaying controls for multiple inner and outer radial axes (e.g. Inner Axis 1, Outer Axis 2). The diagram at the bottom depicts the types and locations of Origin's polar graph axes and grids.

 Axis dialog for Polar Graph Terminology of Axes in Polar Graph

The Axis dialog is a tab-based dialog with controls to customize axes in the Polar graphs. There are 7 tabs in this dialog to separately control different attributes in an axis. To get a quick start with this dialog, basically first select one or more icons (hold Ctrl key to select multiple icons) in the left panel. These icon(s) indicate the axis(axes) to be customized. Then in the right panel, select a tab and use the controls to customize that axis attribute.

## Angular Axes

The Angular axes are the axes for the $\theta$ values. They are shown as a circle(or part of a circle). There can be both outer and inner Angular axes, the initial positions of inner/outer Angular axis are at the From/To values of Radial Axis, respectively.

### Show

Use Same Options for Outer and Inner Specify whether to use the same settings for outer and inner Angular axes. Specify whether to show the selected Angular axis. Determine the direction and axis start value for the Angular axes which are shown. Direction Determine the direction of Angular axes. Can be either Clockwise or Counter-Clockwise. Rotate (deg.) Determine the rotation angle of the Angular axes. Can be an integer value between 0 and 360. When it is 0, the axis start position will be at 3 o'clock; if it is a non-zero value, the axis start position will be determined by the defined angle value, rotated in the counter-clockwise direction.

### Scale

This tab controls the axis range and increment. Most controls are identical to the Scale tab in the general 2D Axis dialog box; only the Units Definition tree node is unique to Polar Axis dialog.

Units Specify the units of the Angular axes which are shown. Degrees Use Degree as the Angular axes unit. The start and end values are 0 and 360, respectively. Radians Use Radian as the Angular axes unit. The start and end values are 0 Pi and 2 Pi, respectively. Gradians Use Gradian as the Angular axes unit. The start and end values are 0 and 400, respectively. Custom Use user-defined starting and ending values of the unit. This is only available when Custom is chosen for Units. It is used to specify the start value of the custom unit. Its value will be considered as equivalent to 0 degrees when the unit is converted. This is only available when Custom is chosen for Units. It is used to specify the end value of the custom unit. Its value will be considered as equivalent to 360 degrees when the unit is converted.

For the other controls in this page, please refer to the help file for Scale tab in the general 2D/3D Axis dialog box.

 Notes: If the user-defined axis range (i.e. the distance between From and To value) exceeds or equals one period(i.e. the distance between Circle Start Value and Circle End Value) of the selected Unit, the axis range will automatically revert to the default setting of a full period range. If the absolute value of either From or To values exceeds the larger of the absolute values of Circle Start Value and Circle End Value, the axis range will be adjusted to lie between the negative of Circle Start Value and Circle End Value.

### Tick Labels

You can customize the tick labels for the outer Angular axis in this tab

Show Specify whether to show the tick labels of the selected Angular axis. Specify whether to use the same tick label settings for outer and inner Angular axes.

#### Display

The Display subtab controls the tick label display. Most of the controls are shared with the general 2D Axis dialog. A few options are specific to polar Angular axes.

Type Determines the type of tick label display. See the option reference for Type drop-down menu for details. This is NOT available when the Type is set to Text from dataset, Tick-indexed dataset or Categorical. Determines the display format of tick labels. See the option reference for Display drop-down menu for details. This is only available when the Type is set to Text from dataset, Tick-indexed dataset or Categorical. Determines the dataset used for tick labels. See the reference of Dataset Name drop-down for details. This is only available when the Type is set to Numeric. It controls whether to set the decimal places of tick label. This is only available when the Set Decimal Places box is checked and when Type is set to Numeric. This check box is only available when the Type is set to Numeric. Controls whether to convert tick label(s) with negative values to positive values. Determine the display unit for tick labels. Auto The tick label unit will be the same as the Unit chosen in the Scale page. Degrees The tick label unit will be in degrees. Radians The tick label unit will be in radians. Gradians The tick label unit will be in gradians. This is a general control for the 2D Axis dialog. See this help file for details. This is a general control for the 2D Axis dialog. See this help file for details. This is a general control for the 2D Axis dialog. See this help file for details. This is a general control for the 2D Axis dialog. See this help file for details.

#### Format

The Format tab provides controls for the tick label format. The controls are generally the same as the Format tab in the general 2D Axis dialog except that it does not have Wrap Text option.

#### Minor Tick Labels

The Minor Tick Labels tab provides options to specially customize the tick labels for minor ticks. The controls are similar to the Minor Tick Labels tab in the general 2D Axis dialog.

### Title

This tab is used to control the Angular axis title.

The Show check box is used to specify whether to display a title for the specific Angular axis.

The other controls are generally the same as the Title page controls of the general 2D Axis dialog.

### Grids

This tab provides options to customize the Angular axis grid lines, i.e. the grid lines radiating outward from the origin.

The Major Grid Lines and Minor Grid Lines tree nodes can be used to control the grid lines at major ticks and minor ticks, most of the controls are the same as Major/Minor Grid Lines tree node in general 2D Axis dialog.

The Additional Lines tree nodes can be used to display the opposite line and the line at specified Angular axis value.

 Opposite Specify whether to display opposite line that is at the position of inner angular axis Select the Y= check box to enter a value in the box to add a line at specified Angular axis value.

### Line and Ticks

This tab controls line style and ticks in the Polar Angular axes.

In the Line and Ticks page, three check boxes are available to determine the overall line and ticks option.

 Show Line and Ticks Specify whether to display line and ticks on the selected Angular axis. Check this check box to use the same line and ticks options for both outer and inner Angular axes. When the box is checked, the Show Line and Ticks check box on Inner Axis page is unavailable and its status will automatically be the same as Show Line and Ticks on Outer Axis page.

The Line tree node provides options to customize the line style:

 Show Check on this check box to display line on the selected axis. Select or define a color from this drop-down list and use it as the display color of axis lines and ticks. Type or select the desired line thickness (in points, where 1 point=1/72 inch) for the axis and ticks. Set the offset of the corresponding Angular axis. Initial Position Display the axis at its initial position. The initial positions of outer and inner Angular axes are determined by the To and From values in the Scale page of Radial Axes, respectively. % From Initial Position Use percentage to define the offset of the axis away from its initial position. The percentage is defined in the Percent/Value box. At Position= Position the Angular axis at a specific position along the Radial Axis. The position value is defined in the Percent/Value box. This input box is only available when the Axis Offset is set to % From Initial Position or At Position=. It is used to determine the percentage/value of axis offset. If % From Initial Position is chosen, enter a percentage value. Both positive and negative percentages are allowed. If At Position= is chosen, it should then be an arbitrary value with respect to the Radial Axis.

The Ticks tree node provides options to customize the tick direction and length. The options are shared with the Major/Minor Ticks tree node in general 2D Axis dialog.

### Reference Lines

Just as axes in the Cartesian coordinates, you can add reference lines on the angular axis of a polar coordinate with the options in the Reference Lines tab.

About how the options work, you can refer to the Reference Lines tab of axes in Cartesian coordinates.

For angular axis of a polar graph, the reference line will show as straight line which starts from the From value and stops at the To value of radial axis.

### Special Ticks (Outer and Inner)

You can add one or more special tick labels at certain axis positions on the Angular axes.

 Use Same Options for Inner and Outer Check this check box to use the same ticks options for both outer and inner Angular axes.

In this tab, you can customize the style of special ticks on the outer Angular axis if they are chosen to be shown in the Special Ticks tab. The options are shared with the Special Ticks tab in general 2D Axis dialog.

The Radial Axes can be shown inside or outside the polar graph. Inside axes radiate from the center, and are named as Inner Axis n. Outside axes are drawn outside the frame of the polar graph and are named as Out Axis n.

You can add radial axes to every major tick on the Angular axes and customize them all simultaneously.

For theRadial Axes, you can determine the initial configuration of Radial Axes by two methods:

Note: When clicking Add a radial axis button, it will add the inner radial axis. When click the Delete a radial axis button, it will detele the last radial axis in the left panel list.
2. Click the New Configuration button to open the Radial Axes Configuration dialog.

This dialog box is used to quickly set the configuration for all Radial Axes. The current Radial Axes configuration will be lost when a new configuration is applied.

In this dialog, the Axes Inside Polar and Axes Outside Polar are controlled in separate tree nodes.

#### Axes Inside Polar

 Axes Inside Polar This check box is used to specify whether to show Radial Axes inside the polar graph. If it is deselected, all other controls in this tree node will be disabled and no axes will be shown inside the polar graph, i.e. no Inner Axis. Determine the position type of all Inner Axis Angle:Use the Angular axes values to determine the position of Radial Axes. Position is relative to the Angular Axes. Clock:Use arbitrary clock position in the graph to determine the position of Radial Axes. Position will not be changed when Angular Axes change. Major ticks: Multiple radial axes will be displayed at every major tick position on the Angular axis. They can only be customized together by the Radial-Major Axes page selected in the panel. This drop-down list is only available when the Angle radio button is chosen for Position Type. You can choose a built-in angle list for radial axes or choose Custom and then create a user-defined angle list in the Value (Angular Units) input box. This input box is only available when Custom is chosen for Angles List. Angular Units is changed according to the Units defined in Angular Scale tab. You can define the position of Radial Axes by entering one or more angle value(s) in Angular axes. Use "space" as a delimiter. This drop-down list is only available when the Clock radio button is chosen for Position Type. You can choose built-in clock list for radial axes.

#### Axes Outside Polar

There are four drop-down lists under this tree node: Left, Right, Top and Bottom. Each determines whether to show axes in the corresponding frame border, e.g. the Left drop-down is used for the radial axes at the left frame border line.

These drop-down menus have similar options:

 None Do not display radial axes at this frame border. Only display the upper (for Left and Right) or Left (for Top and Bottom) Radial axis at this frame border. Only display the lower (for Left and Right) or Right (for Top and Bottom) Radial axis at this frame border. Display both upper and lower (for Left and Right) or both left and right (for Top and Bottom) Radial axes at this frame border.

For each drop-down, as long as None is NOT chosen, there will be an additional input box %s of Radius. You can enter a value here to define the offset of the corresponding Radial Axis(Axes) with respect to the end position of the Radius line, which is perpendicular to this Radius Axis.

### Show

On the Outer Axis n or Inner Axis n or Major Axes page, you can decide whether and where to show the Radial axis.

The Show check box is provided to specify whether to display the selected Radial axis.

The Axis Position tree node provides options to decide where to show the selected Radial axis:

 Reference This drop-down is used to determine whether to show Radial Axes inside or outside the polar graph, and for Inner Axis, to determine whether to use Angular axes or clock direction as the reference. Angular Axes When this option is chosen, the axis will be an Inner Axis, and the axis position will be relevant to the Angular axis scale setting. This is equivalent to setting the Position Type as Angle in the Radial Axes Configuration dialog. Clock Dial When this option is chosen, the axis will be an Inner Axis, and the axis position will be arbitrary according to the chosen clock direction, it is equivalent as set the Position Type as Clock in the Radial Axes Configuration dialog. Frame Border When this option is chosen, the axis will be an Out Axis, and the axis will be at the frame border line with/without a perpendicular offset. This drop-down is only available when the Angular Axes option is chosen for Reference, and it is used to specify the axis position using the angle value at the angular axes. Start Angle Place the Radial axis at the start angle of Angular axis, which is defined by the Axis Start at (deg). End Angle Place the Radial axis at the end angle of Angular axis, which is defined by the To value in the Angular axis Scale page. % From Start Angle Use an offset in percentage with respect to the Start Angle to define the Radial axis position. The offset is defined in the Value (Angular Units) input box. % From End Angle Use an offset in percentage with respect to the End Angle to define the Radial axis position. The offset is defined in the Value (Angular Units) input box. Angle At Use an arbitrary angle value to define the Radial axis position. The value is defined in the Value (Angular Units) input box. This input box is available when the Angle At drop-down is set to % From Start Angle or % From End Angle or Angle At. The Angular Units is changed according to the Units defined in Angular Scale tab. If the Angle At is set to % From Start Angle or % From End Angle, this value is the percentage offset which moves the Radial axis away from the reference angle. If the Angle At is set to Angle At, this value will be the actual angle value and the Radial axis will be put in this position. This drop-down menu is only available when the Clock Dial option is chosen for Reference. It has 4 options to put the Radial axis at 3, 6, 9, 12 O'clock direction, respectively. The axis position will not change with the Angular axis. This drop-down menu is only available when the Frame Border option is chosen for Reference. It has 8 options to place the Radial axes at specific positions outside of the frame. This check box is used to specify whether to offset in the perpendicular direction. This input box is only available when the Perpendicular Shift box is checked. This value will be used to define the offset in percentage of Radial axis. It works the same with the %s of Radius input box in the Radial Axis Configuration dialog. This is used to control the direction of ticks, tick labels and title. It is related to the Angular axis orientation and Radial axis reference type. A hint will be provided in the dialog illustrating the positive flow direction under current settings. The negative direction is just a reverse of the positive direction.

### Scale

This tab provides controls to determine the axis range, axis type, tick positions, etc. of all Radial Axes. It is basically the same as the Scale tab in the general 2D Axis dialog, except that one check box is unique for Radial Axes in the polar graph:

 Center at (%) Enter a percentage value of the distance between From and To value to specify the distance from the center value to From value. For example, if the radial axis is from 50 to 100, and want to set the center at 40, then you can enter this percentage: (From-center point value) / (To-From) *100% = (50-40) / (100-50) *100% = 20% By default, this value is 0. That means the center of polar graph will be fixed at the origin point (r=0) regardless of the From value of the Radial Axes.

Note:

• Radial Axes supports a positive range, such as From=-0.2 and To=1.0.
• Radial Axis can be a reverse axis, which means From is larger than To and the Increment is negative.

See the Circular Dendrogram plot as below:

### Tick Labels

In this tab, you can customize the tick labels of the specific Radial axis:

 Display This tab provides control of tick label display. It is identical to the tick label Display controls in the standard 2D Axis dialog. This tab provides controls to customize the tick label format. It is generally the same as the tick label Format controls in the standard 2D Axis dialog except that it does not have Wrap Text option. This tab provides options to specially customize the tick labels for minor ticks. The controls are similar to the Minor Tick Labels tab in the general 2D Axis dialog.

### Title

This tab is used to control the Radial axis title.

The Show check box is used to specify whether to display a title for the specific Radial axis.

The other controls are generally the same as the Title page controls of the general 2D Axis dialog.

### Grids

This page provides options to customize the grid lines of Radial axes, i.e. the circles concentric to the Angular axes.

Major and minor grid lines can be customized separately in the Major Grid Lines or Minor Grid Lines tree node. The controls of these two tree nodes are shared with the corresponding tree nodes in the Grids tab of the general 2D Axis dialog.

### Line and Ticks (Inner and Outer)

This tab is used to customize the line and tick styles of Radial axis.

The Show check box is used to specify whether to display line and ticks for the specific Radial axis.

The other controls are generally the same as the Line and Ticks page controls of the standard 2D Axis dialog.

 Beginning with Origin 2023, axis line ends for radial (but not angular) axes are square by default and controlled by system variable @LCAL.

### Reference Lines

Just as axes in the Cartesian coordinates, you can add reference lines on the radial axis of a polar coordinate with the options in the Reference Lines tab.

About how the options work, you can refer to the Reference Lines tab of axes in Cartesian coordinates.

For radial axis of a polar graph, the reference line will show as circle or part of circle which starts from the From value and stops at the To value of angular axis.

### Special Ticks (Inner and Outer)

This tab is used to add/remove/edit special tick labels on the Radial axis.

The controls are identical to the Special Ticks page controls of angular axes.

## Crop

Click the Crop... button to open the Miscellaneous dialog. Graph elements outside the defined rectangle shape will be removed from the graph.

 Enable Select this check box to enable cropping. Only when this box is checked, will the other controls in this page be activated. Select the unit to define the dimension of rectangle. % of Page When this unit is selected, the Left, Top, Height, and Width text box values are in percentage of the graph page height and width. inch, cm, mm, pixel, point Absolute units for Left, Top, Width, and Height. This input box is used to define the position of the left line of the rectangle. This input box is used to define the position of the top line of the rectangle. This input box is used to define the width of the rectangle. This input box is used to define the height of the rectangle.

## Apply to Others

Click the Apply To... button to open the Apply To dialog. This dialog can be opened by clicking the Apply To... button at the bottom of the Axis dialog. You can specify format of Tick Labels and Line and Ticks, and Grib Lines to apply from source axis to objective axis.

This dialog works similarly with the Apply to Others page in 2D graph Axis dialog.